Pleasant chores of August
In August, the collection of apples and pears begins. If there are 10-15 fruits on the tree, then you can take your time - let them fully ripen, color. But if the harvest is such that the branches are propped up by chatals, then you cannot drag out the harvest. If the seeds begin to turn a little brown, then you can start harvesting. They will reach in prone.
But the apple tree will breathe a sigh of relief, better prepared for winter and the next harvest. They removed apples, pears, any fruits and berries - feed the trees, give them water. Do not leave fallen fruits and berries on the ground, they must be collected and burned. With late varieties that ripen in September, you need to do the same.
Fruiting is in full swing remontant raspberry... What a pleasure it is! The leaves are already beginning to turn yellow on the trees in the garden, it smells in the fall, but you just can't get away from the bush with juicy tasty berries, you want to eat everything. And tomorrow new ones will ripen - and everything will be repeated. Thanks to the breeders for such notions - from July to October you can eat raspberries.
By October 14, all work on the site is usually completed. We cut off all remontant raspberries before leaving home. I put the cut stems on the soil. I say thank you to everything that is on the site - and until spring!
Plant seedlings of heat-loving crops in the greenhouse, cold-resistant vegetables in open ground, continue sowing in the beds.
White cabbage. Plant seedlings of late-ripening varieties in the ground, these large plants require a feeding area of at least 70 × 70 cm.Water regularly after planting, and after a week, feed at the same time as loosening.
Cauliflower, broccoli. When growing seedlings at several times, plant later sowing plants in the ground. Place 25 cm between plants and 50 cm between rows.
Cucumber, squash, pumpkin. For seedlings, sow pre-germinated seeds in separate pots with loose soil. Seedlings can be grown directly in the beds under cover by sowing several seeds per hole, and then planting the strongest seedlings.
Tomato, pepper, eggplant. Plant seedlings in a prepared greenhouse, placing the plants at a distance of 25–35 cm, depending on the vigor of the variety, the row spacing should be at least 40 cm. When planting, pour plenty of warm water over the hole. Water previously planted plants once a week.
Beet. Sow seeds for winter storage root crops. Maintain a row spacing of about 20 cm, spread the seeds at a distance of 5-6 cm from each other.
Celery. Plant root, leaf, and petiolate celery seedlings in the ground without deeply deepening the plants.
Onions, carrots. Care for the crops made at the beginning of the month, water as needed, and weed the garden bed.
Legumes. Tie sprouts of peas 10-15 cm high to the supports. Sow the beans out of the wind. Place seeds of bush varieties at a distance of 10 cm from each other with a row spacing of 30 cm. For climbing varieties, place a support in advance or sow along a mesh fence.
Take a close look at the overwintered plants: have they appeared on them signs of fungal diseases, have they been colonized by pests.
Bloom sea buckthorn not at all like the flowering of other horticultural crops. The flowers of this plant are small, barely noticeable, because they are pollinated not by insects, but by the wind. Just like, for example, birch or oak. Sea buckthorn is a dioecious plant, that is, female specimens form fruits, and male specimens form only pollen. For the formation of the harvest, it is necessary that both male and female sea buckthorn trees be in the garden. If for some reason there are no males (died, confused with females when selling, etc.), then you can cut flowering branches from neighbors from male plants, put them in a bottle of water, which, in turn, hang in the crown female tree. Pollination in such conditions will be successful.
After flowering viburnum the bushes are often attacked by the viburnum leaf beetle. The name of the pest speaks for itself - the pest eats up the leaf blades, leaving only the veins. If there are many insects, then up to 90% of the leaves may be damaged. In such a situation, of course, there can be no question of any harvest - by the middle of summer all the ovaries will fall off. If you notice that holes begin to appear in the leaves, this means that the viburnum leaf beetle has begun its activity. In this case, immediately treat the bushes with insecticides.
After flowering, pay attention to stone fruit: cherry, three-bladed plum, felt cherry, etc. If you find that the ends of the shoots are fading, as if they were scalded with boiling water, this means that they are affected by a fungal disease - moniliosis. It is too late to treat plants with such manifestations - the mycelium has already begun to spread through the wood. Cut off the affected branches, while capturing 5–6 cm of the healthy part of the branches. Burn them immediately after pruning as they are the source of infection.
Have edible honeysuckle active berry growth in the second half of May. To make them tasty, fragrant and brightly colored, feed the bushes with potash fertilizers: wood ash, potassium sulfate, potassium magnesium or potassium nitrate.
TOP-10 convenient and practical things for your garden and vegetable garden, without which you definitely cannot do in the country
Spring this year will not be early - it is already quite clear. However, with the approach of sunny days - and there really are more and more of them - expectations of a warm season are becoming more and more justified.
Everyone is waiting for spring and summer, but most of all are summer residents: many of them sowed seedlings ahead of time, back in February. To meet the new summer cottage season fully armed is a serious task. Many people have a question about updating the "basic summer cottages" - a variety of tools and irreplaceable little things that are needed in the garden and vegetable garden.
The correspondent of "Komsomolskaya Pravda", who is looking forward to a warm spring, hot summer and summer cottage season with great impatience and anticipation, went to the Fix Price store to buy something for the garden and vegetable garden.
It turned out that I went to the Fix Price store located on Pobediteley Avenue by no means alone: there were a lot of buyers in the trading floor at noon. But they were distributed evenly - there is no crowding. The “Garden and Vegetable Garden” department is located right at the entrance to the outlet - several, almost to the very ceiling, counters. It seems that there is, if not absolutely everything that a gardener needs, then almost everything.
The first thing that catches your eye is a huge number of bright sachets: organic fertilizer for seedlings "Biohumus", "Protection against barren flowers" (judging by the label, this is a universal stimulator of fruit formation), "Amber acid" (it activates plant growth and budding, increases productivity), there is a growth stimulator Novosil, a universal mineral fertilizer "Height". Prices start at 40 kopecks - this is how much, for example, water-soluble fertilizers cost. More expensive - 4 rubles - it costs a liquid and ready-to-use biotonic for seedlings: sprouts of seedlings should be moistened with them after 7 - 10 days from the moment of their appearance.
There is soil for seedlings... For a package of 10 liters, they ask for only 2 rubles, you cannot find such a price in specialized stores - the goods are in obvious demand: sellers periodically bring in new packages and fill the counter. I would like to draw your attention to another clearly popular product - "Mini-greenhouse with peat tablets"... He often ends up in shopping baskets.
- Oh, you know, it's so convenient: no dirt and hassle, you pour a pill with warm water, it swells - and that's it, you can already plant seeds in it, - says a woman with whom we simultaneously reached for the same “mini-greenhouse ".
- Yes, it’s probably convenient, it costs 2 rubles, we must try, - I agree.
In general, the garden and dacha assortment in Fix Price covers, perhaps, all areas of the approaching dacha life. The same lady told me a spray gun: you attach it to the hose, it opens the water and you can choose the mode and intensity of the jet.
- I bought one last year, I used the season, the spray gun is safe and sound. But I'll take one more now: let it be replaced, you never know what, - says the talkative summer resident.
The thing is really good, necessary. It costs 7 rubles. The spray is also in my basket.
I decide to stay close to a woman who knows a lot about the dacha assortment. And I have no regrets. Advice does not stop - I am glad that they are all on business.
- What you still need to buy is a covering material, from temperature changes - the first thing to do. The material is thin, I completely fearlessly cover even the first thin shoots with it - nothing will break. It has been tested, and the protection against frost is reliable.
Covering material canvas 6 by 1.5 meters costs three rubles, there are several beds in the country, I take three packs at once - they will definitely not be superfluous.
I see a cool set - a garden net and four pegs... Last year, they covered such a strawberry - they protected the berry harvest from birds. The price of the set is 2 rubles. Since I was convinced of its necessity and effectiveness myself, without much hesitation I take four pieces - enough for the whole season. I am not passing by a unique invention - "Gardening gloves with claws"... This has also been tested in practice during earthworks. I take two sets - a necessary and convenient piece, indispensable in the garden.
But in general, a dacha is not only pleasant chores with seedlings and plants. It's also about beauty and relaxation. We have - through my mother's efforts - a wonderful flower garden. Every year there are more and more flowers (they gradually reclaim areas from the garden, threatening to approach the greenhouse.) Flowers - it is wonderful.
Last year, I saw wonderful decorative plastic fences at my neighbors in the country.... Small in height, they make the flower bed a complete work of floral art. I see exactly the same fences in Fix Price. They stand - and it turned out that they are of different types, shapes and heights - from three rubles. Naturally, the fences quickly migrated from the counter to my already non-empty basket.
And not only them: could not walk past the solar-powered flashlights: I take six at once with a white round headboard. We will decorate a flower garden with them, at night there will be a cool lighting. We have flowers, including quite high ones, the height of the lantern is 44 centimeters. Enough with a margin. I take four more lamps - brown, diamond-shaped. They cost 6 rubles, the height is slightly less - 39 centimeters.
I understand that there are more and more purchases - but I took, in principle, everything that was needed. Already heading to the checkout, I see - and my hands stretch by themselves - a barbecue set: metal spatula, fork, tongs. 4 rubles. I take a set and go to pay.
In a line of three people, my good summer resident-advisor appears in front of me. Her basket is also full, but not as full as mine.
- Oh, what is it with you? I ask, pointing to a bright toy shaped like a ladybug.
- Oh, this is a cool thing - a garden thermometer. I have been looking for such a large one for a long time.
I understand that I also need it, and quickly - the line did not even have time to gasp - I find the same on the nearest counter. It costs 4 rubles. A split second - and a garden thermometer among my purchases. I calculate and understand that I will look at Fix Price a couple of times before the warm spring.
How many years do grape bushes bear fruit
Industrial grafted vineyards have been in operation for eight years. This is due to the fact that during the cover and disclosure, the bushes are severely damaged by machines, and by the eighth year there are many bald spots in the vineyard.
In an amateur vineyard, where the bushes are carefully, manually covered and opened, the grapes can be exploited much longer. Even 30 years is not the limit here. The main thing is that the bushes do not get sick with bacterial cancer, and this is not uncommon for covering grapes.
But in the eighth year, all the same, even on amateur bushes, a decrease in yield was noticed. To support fruiting, plants rejuvenate by removing old sleeves and forming new ones. If you leave young shoots at the head of the bush to replace the sleeves, then the rejuvenation will be painless and there will be no interruptions in the harvest.
Sometimes such gentle rejuvenation does not help, and the yield is not restored. To do this, in early spring, the bushes are dug up on a shovel bayonet and cut off the entire aerial part slightly below ground level. After that, the four strongest shoots are selected, and new arms of the bush are formed from them. This rejuvenation allows for another five to eight years to receive bountiful grape harvests.
To extend the period of high fruiting of grape bushes, they resort to their accelerated shaping, which allows harvests to be obtained a year earlier. For this, the seedling is cut so that two buds are located above the soil level. Two shoots grow out of them in the summer, and in mid-June they need to be pinched at a height of about 30-50 cm.
Of the stepchildren who have gone into growth, the top two are left. The sleeves are formed from them for the next year. In the second year, a fruit link is formed on each sleeve (fruiting vine + replacement knot).
As a result, the seedlings give the first signal harvest already in the second or third year, and in the fourth or fifth year they enter full fruiting.
Some growers, in order to speed up the entry into fruiting, grow seedlings in a bucket, dressing them on the vines left for layering and filling them with humus. Such layering quickly take root and the seedlings planted in a permanent place quickly begin to bear fruit.
Vine bushes are grown to a sharp decline in yield. But even at this time, it is possible to increase yields by introducing more manure and mineral fertilizers into the soil, and the bushes by feeding them on a leaf with a solution of micronutrients. Usually, after this approach, the bushes take on a second wind and abundantly lay bunches.